A multilateral NOA involves three or more parties, of which at least one of the parties expects to disclose information to other parties, and requires that such information be protected from further disclosure. This type of NOA renders separate unilateral or bilateral NDAs between only two parties redundant. For example, a single NOA with several parties, each intending to pass on information to the other two parties, could be used instead of three separate bilateral ASOs between the first and second parts, the second and third parties, as well as the third and first parties. A Confidentiality Agreement (NDA), also known as a Confidentiality Agreement (CA), Confidential Disclosure Agreement (CDA), Intellectual Property Information Agreement (PIA) or Confidentiality Agreement (SA), is a legal contract or part of a contract between at least two parties that describes confidential information, knowledge or information that the parties wish to share with each other for specific purposes. , but which limit access. Physician-patient confidentiality (doctor-patient privilege-privilege), solicitor-client privilege, priestly privilege, bank client confidentiality and kickback agreements are examples of NDAs that are often not enshrined in a written contract between the parties. A confidentiality agreement (NDA) can be considered unilateral, bilateral or multilateral: the use of confidentiality agreements is increasing in India and is subject to the Indian Contract Act 1872. In many cases, the use of an NOA is essential, for example. B to hire employees who develop patentable technologies when the employer intends to apply for a patent. Confidentiality agreements have become very important due to the growth of the Indian outsourcing industry. In India, an NDA must be stamped to be a valid enforceable document.
A confidentiality agreement can protect any type of information that is not known to all. However, confidentiality agreements may also contain clauses protecting the person receiving the information, so that if they legally receive the information through other sources, they would not be required to keep that information secret.  In other words, the confidentiality agreement generally requires that the receiving party process confidential information only if that information has been transmitted directly by the publishing party. However, it is sometimes easier to get a recipient party to sign a simple agreement, which is shorter, less complex and does not contain security rules to protect the recipient. [Citation required] In Britain, NDAs are not only used to protect trade secrets, but are also often used as a condition of a financial settlement to prevent whistleblowers from making public the wrongdoings of their former employers. There is a law that allows for protected disclosure despite an NOA, although employers sometimes silence the former employee at the same time.   A unilateral NOA (sometimes referred to as a single NOA) concerns two parties, where only one party (i.e. the revealing party) discloses certain information to the other party (i.e. the receiving party) and requires that, for whatever reason, the information be protected from further disclosure (e.g. B the secrecy necessary to apply patent law or legal protection for trade secrets; , limit the disclosure of information prior to the publication of a press release for a high-regard notice or ensure that a recipient party does not use or disclose information without compensating the public party). A bilateral NOA (sometimes referred to as bilateral NOA or bilateral NOA) consists of two parties for which both parties expect to be disclosed information to protect them from further disclosure.
This type of NOA is common when companies are considering some kind of joint venture or merger. In California (and some other U.S. states), there are special circumstances regarding confidentiality agreements and non-compete clauses.