After licensing by the Board of Pharmacy, APh`s may conduct patient assessments, refer patients to providers, and cooperate with other healthcare providers to manage patient status by optimizing drug treatments. This includes initiating, adapting and stopping medicines in accordance with the protocol established by the specific organisation they are working on.  The APh certification is valid for 2 years as long as the pharmacist`s license is active and the pharmacist must complete at least 10 hours of additional training every 2 years.  Among the terms used for services provided under a cooperation agreement are: the CDTM is an extension of the traditional pharmacist sector that enables pharmacist-led management of drug-related issues (DRPs), with a focus on a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach to pharmacy practice in the healthcare sector. . . .