Many for-profit or “private” incubation programs were launched in the late 1990s by investors and other for-profit operators, who tried to quickly crush companies and make large profits. At that time, the NBIA estimated that nearly 30% of incubation programs were for-profit businesses. However, following the bankruptcy of dotcom, many of these programs were closed. In the 2002 State of the Business Incubation survey, only 16% of the responding incubators were for-profit programs. Until SOI 2006, only 6% of respondents were profit-oriented.  The time spent by a company in an incubation program can vary considerably, depending on a number of factors, including the nature of the business and the progress of the business. Life science and other companies with long research and development cycles take longer in an incubation program than manufacturing or service companies that can immediately produce and commercialize a product or service. On average, incubator clients spend 33 months in a program.  Many incubation programs set closing requirements based on development criteria such as company revenues or headcount, not time.
Business incubators are different from research and technology parks in their commitment to startups and start-ups in sync. In contrast, research and technology parks are usually large-scale projects that house everything from corporate, government or university labs to very small businesses. Most research and technology parks do not offer business support services that are the hallmark of a business incubation program. However, many research and technology parks are home to incubation programs.  Although some incubation programs (regardless of public utility or for-profit status) take equity from corporate clients, most do not. Only 25% of incubation programs indicate that they take equity in some or all of their clients.  Incubation activity was not limited to industrialized countries; Incubation environments are now being implemented in developing countries and are attracting interest in financially supporting organizations such as UNIDO and the World Bank. About one-third of business incubation programs are sponsored by economic development organizations. Government agencies (such as cities or counties) account for 21% of the program`s sponsors. Mancuso opened the Batavia Industrial Center in a warehouse in Batavia, New York.  Incubation spread to the United States in the 1980s and spread to the United Kingdom and Europe in various related forms (e.g. B innovation centres, business incubators, technopoles/science parks).
The incubators also distinguish themselves from the U.S. Small Business Administration`s Small Business Development Centers by serving only selected clients. Congress created the Small Business Administration in the Small Business Act of July 30, 1953. Its objective is to “support, advise, support and protect the best interests of small businesses”. In addition, the Charter ensures that small businesses receive a “fair share” in government contracts and sales of surplus assets.  SBDCs collaborate with every small business at every stage of development, not just startups….